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法学家  2019, Issue (1): 164-174    DOI:
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法定退休年龄与劳动合同关系之反思
董文军,法学博士,吉林大学法学院副教授。
Reflection on the Relationship between Statutory Retirement Age and Labor Contract
Dong Wenjun, Ph.D. in Law, Associate Professor of Law School of Jilin University.
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摘要 《劳动合同法实施条例》规定劳动者达到法定退休年龄时劳动合同终止。该条款的适用,实质上修改了其所解释的《劳动合同法》中的规定,既有损《劳动合同法》的权威,又不合理地限制了劳动合同双方当事人的合同自由。基于我国的社会情况和劳动法律制度现状的考量,劳动者达到法定退休年龄作为法律拟制劳动者和用人单位结束劳动合同关系的情形,应当从强制适用转变为有条件的适用,即允许双方当事人在劳动者达到法定退休年龄时基于合意予以排除适用。从立法技术角度分析,《劳动合同法》应通过退休制度的独立规则设计,实现法定退休年龄与劳动合同关系的重新定位。有关劳动者达到法定退休年龄与劳动合同的关系以及劳动者退休后依法享受基本养老保险待遇等内容,均应纳入退休的规则设计中,从而实现养老保险制度与劳动合同制度的顺利对接。
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董文军
关键词法定退休年龄   劳动合同终止   基本养老保险   退休     
Abstract: “Regulations on the Implementation of the Labor Contract Law”stipulate that the labor contract will be terminated when the laborers have reached the legal retirement age.The application of this clause has substantially modified the provisions of the labor contract law which it explains.It not only damages the authority of“Labor Contract Law”, but also unreasonably restricts the freedom of contract between the parties of the labor contract.Therefore, the regulation of the relationship between the statutory retirement age and the labor contract is not reasonable.Based on the consideration of the social situation and the labor law system in China, the circumstance that the workers and employers should end the labor contract relationship as the workers reach the legal retirement age should be changed from compulsory application to conditional application, that is to say, the law should allow both parties to choose not to apply this circumstance.From the angle of legislative technology, the independent rules of the retirement system should be designed in“Labor Contract Law”in order to relocate the relationship between the legal retirement age and the labor contract.The relationship between the legal retirement age and the labor contract, as well as the basic pension insurance treatment after the workers retire according to law, should be included in the retirement rules, so as to achieve the smooth docking of the pension insurance system and the labor contract system.
Key wordsStatutory Retirement Age   Labor Contract Termination   Basic Pension Insurance   Retirement   
引用本文:   
董文军. 法定退休年龄与劳动合同关系之反思[J]. 法学家, 2019, (1): 164-174.
DONG Wen-Jun. Reflection on the Relationship between Statutory Retirement Age and Labor Contract[J]. , 2019,(1): 164-174.
 
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[1] 张步峰. 男女退休不同龄制度的宪法学思考[J]. 法学家, 2009, 1(4): 138-147.

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