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法学家  2019, Issue (1): 15-35    DOI:
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民法权利思维的局限与社会公共维度的解释展开
梅夏英,法学博士,对外经济贸易大学法学院教授。
The Limitation of Civil Right Thinking and the Explanation in Social Public Dimension
Mei Xiaying, Ph.D. in Law, Professor of Law School of University of International Business and Economics.
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摘要 当代中国民法典编纂缺少对于个人和社会公共维度之间的话语空间的关注,这制约了民法典的社会性发展和功能定位的评价。民法权利思维定式过于僵化,它缺乏对以公共秩序形式彰显的法益的构建力和解释力,导致权利化表达范围的局限和非理性扩张,高估了权利及请求权对法律生成的作用,忽视了权利运行的公共社会基础和义务底色。社会公共维度的关注对于当代民法的意义在于:“公共之善”在当代彰显的现实价值;公私法区分相对性的当代深入展现;权利“孤岛”和法益社会化中私法退守的必然性;信息时代立法社会化诉求的加强。基于民法与社会的互动,主观权利和强制个人独立的民法体系趋向式微,民商法单行法功能性立法趋势逐步确立。当代民法典因其政治动力不足、价值引导力的衰退、涵盖面缺乏以及可预期性减弱,已逐步成为一个关于物权、债权等传统基本私法关系的规范群,民法所面临的超复杂社会将导致可变的实证法时代逐步来临。
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梅夏英
关键词公共维度   权利思维   法益   预期强制   实证法     
Abstract: Contemporary Chinese civil law codification does net pay much attention to the public dimension of discourse space between society and individuals, which restricts the social development of the civil code and the evaluation of its functional orientation.The thinking pattern of civil law rights is too rigid.It lacks the constructive power and explanatory power to the legal interests manifested in the form of public order, overestimates the inferential function of the right and the right of claim to the judgment, and neglects the public social foundation and the background of the obligation for the operation of the right.The significance of the social public dimension to the contemporary civil law lies in the realistic value of“public good”in the contemporary era; the contemporary in-depth display of the relativity between public and private law; the inevitability of the withdrawal of private law in the socialization of rights and interests; and the strengthening of the demand for the socialization of legislation in the information age.Based on the interaction between civil law and society, the civil law system of subjective rights and compulsory individual independence began to decline, and the trend of functional legislation of civil and commercial law was gradually established.The contemporary civil code has gradually become a normative group of traditional basic private law relations, such as real right, creditor's rights and so on, because of its insufficient political impetus, the decline of value guidance, the insufficient coverage and the weakening of predictability.
Key wordsPublic Dimension   Right Thinking   Legal Interest   Expected Mandatory   Positive Law   
引用本文:   
梅夏英. 民法权利思维的局限与社会公共维度的解释展开[J]. 法学家, 2019, (1): 15-35.
MEI Xia-Ying. The Limitation of Civil Right Thinking and the Explanation in Social Public Dimension[J]. , 2019,(1): 15-35.
 
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