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法学家  2018, Issue (6): 49-65    DOI:
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中国特色判例制度之系统发动
汤文平,法学博士,暨南大学法学院教授。
Systematic Launch of the Precedent System with Chinese Characteristics
Tang Wenping,Ph.D. in Law,Professor of Jinan University Law School.
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摘要 目前的案例指导制度已沦为司法解释制度的附庸,无法在法治中国建设进程中发挥实质性判例制度所应有的系统性效用。实质性判例制度原本可以担当从“人”与“法”的层面为法治国系统“搞好基础建设”的重任。它在一个宏大的时空隧道式沟通场景中,以判例—学术“双重通说互竞互济机制”为基石,兼容政治权威和智识权威,促使法律职业共同体“人、法合一”,成为本土活法的载体;沟通了待决案件当事人及前古后今人民群众的利益诉求和法感情,在“人”的层面为法律职业共同体的行为提供了准星,在“法”的层面为法律渐进式发展安放了压舱石;在“普通判例—确定性判例—持续性判例—习惯法”的判例序列中,实现法的稳定力与进化力的辩证统一。不过,案例指导制度也有避开“随机而缓慢”之缺陷等优势,可为中国特色判例制度系统发动的起点,在一系列制度“能量”暂付阙如之际,学术主导的判例库建设仍可发动系统,倒逼法律审及先例意识入席。
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汤文平
关键词案例指导制度   司法解释制度   中国特色判例制度   双重通说互竞互济机制   系统论     
Abstract: The guiding cases system has descended to a vassal of the judicial interpretation system,so that its unable to play a systematic role which the substantial precedent system should have played in the process of building China into a Rule of Law State.Substantial precedent system could have shouldered the responsibility to make the basic construction valuable for the system of building the country into a Rule of Law State on the‘human’and‘legal’level.Its in an immense communication scene with a space-time tunnel pattern,and becomes the carrier of local living law,which is the basis of the precedenttheory—‘double general theory of mutual competition and mutual aid mechanism’,in which political authority and intelligence—knowledge authority can be compatible,promoting‘the unity of human and law’of the legal professional community.In addition,it connects the interest claims and legal mentality of the parties in pending cases with those of the people in ancient and modern times.It not only provides‘front sight’for the behaviors of legal community on the human level,but also put the‘ballast stone’into the gradual development of law on the legal level.Besides,it realizes the dialectical unity of the stability and evolutionary power of the law by making use of the precedent sequence whose form is:‘ordinary precedent-deterministic precedent-persistent precedent-Custom’.However,at least,the guiding cases system has advantages of avoiding‘randomness and slowness’,etc.It can be the starting point for the systematic launch of the precedent system with Chinese characteristics.At the time when a series of institutional“energy”is temporarily lacking,the academically-led construction of case bank can still launch a system,forcing the re-presence of legal trials and the consciousness of precedent.
Key wordsCase-guiding System   Judicial Interpretation System   Precedent System with Chinese Characteristics   Double General Theory of Mutual Competition and Mutual Aid Mechanism   Systematic Theory   
引用本文:   
汤文平. 中国特色判例制度之系统发动[J]. 法学家, 2018, (6): 49-65.
TANG Wen-Ping. Systematic Launch of the Precedent System with Chinese Characteristics[J]. , 2018,(6): 49-65.
 
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