“Full compliance”is an important goal as well as content in the construction of rule of law in China. Compliance however is not a sole outcome of application of legal norms, but a sort of logic of social actions. Construction of a society of compliance requcres three major subjects: the individual, group and organization. And it refers to three principal levels: the society, government and the country. Construction of a society of compliance indicates a high level of rule of law construction as it contributes to national governance. With an comprehensive and processual perspective, compliance construction requires useful interrelation between law, society and the individual, interrelation between the rule, action and ideas, and interrelation between subjective and objective factors. In this sense, the core of a society of compliance includes three critical aspects: compliance awareness, compliance capacity, and compliance conditions. Such three aspects further develop seven basic elements: acceptance of legitimacy, ethical morality, knowledge, resource, legal system, legal deterrence, and social-cultural psychology. In general, the rule of law construction in China calls for new development in both compliance theory and compliance practice.