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法学家  2018, Issue (5): 15-28    DOI:
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守法社会的建设:内涵、机理与路径探讨
李娜,法学博士,云南大学法学院讲师。
Construction of A Society of Compliance: Meaning, Rationale and Approach
Li Na, Ph.D. in Law, Assistant Professor of Yunnan University Law School.
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摘要 守法并非一个由法律规则自动生成的结果,而是一种社会行动的逻辑。守法社会建设面向的是个人、群体、组织三类主体以及社会、政府、国家三个层面。以整体性和过程性的视角,在法律—社会—个人之间、规则—行动—观念之间、行动者的主观意识—客观能力—客观环境之间建立起联系,可以发现,守法社会的基本内核包含守法意识、守法能力、守法条件和环境三个相互联系的方面,而这三个核心维度又分别包含认同、道德义务、知识、资源、法律体系、法律威慑、社会文化心理七个具体构成要素。围绕守法社会的核心构成,能够发展出守法社会的建设路径。在当前以及未来,需要发展全新的守法认识论、守法研究和守法实践。
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李娜
关键词守法社会   法治建设   守法意识   守法能力   法律威慑     
Abstract: “Full compliance”is an important goal as well as content in the construction of rule of law in China. Compliance however is not a sole outcome of application of legal norms, but a sort of logic of social actions. Construction of a society of compliance requcres three major subjects: the individual, group and organization. And it refers to three principal levels: the society, government and the country. Construction of a society of compliance indicates a high level of rule of law construction as it contributes to national governance. With an comprehensive and processual perspective, compliance construction requires useful interrelation between law, society and the individual, interrelation between the rule, action and ideas, and interrelation between subjective and objective factors.  In this sense, the core of a society of compliance includes three critical aspects: compliance awareness, compliance capacity, and compliance conditions. Such three aspects further develop seven basic elements: acceptance of legitimacy, ethical morality, knowledge, resource, legal system, legal deterrence, and social-cultural psychology. In general, the rule of law construction in China calls for new development in both compliance theory and compliance practice.
Key wordsA Society of Compliance   Construction of Rule of Law   Compliance Awareness   Compliance Capacity   Legal Deterrence   
引用本文:   
李娜. 守法社会的建设:内涵、机理与路径探讨[J]. 法学家, 2018, (5): 15-28.
LI Na. Construction of A Society of Compliance: Meaning, Rationale and Approach[J]. , 2018,(5): 15-28.
 
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