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法学家  2018, Issue (3): 90-97    DOI:
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环境宪法的新发展及其规范阐释
张翔,法学博士,中国人民大学法学院教授。
The New Development of The Environmental Constitution and Its Normative Interpretation
Zhang Xiang, Ph.D. in Law, Professor of Renmin University of China Law School.
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摘要 通过2018年的宪法修改,我国环境宪法的规范体系得到进一步充实。“生态文明”等内容的入宪,体现了“部门法的宪法化”,也回应了环境法的价值诉求。我国环境宪法采用了“国家目标”而非“环境权”的规定方式,但却通过对国家权力课予不同层次的义务,满足了“环境权入宪”的功能期待。我国宪法既有的环境保护的国家目标条款体系,经由宪法序言第7自然段增加的“新发展理念”“生态文明”“和谐美丽”等价值宣示,得到了原则性强化。对环境保护目标的落实,也应与序言“国家根本任务”中的其他国家目标相协调。将“生态文明建设 ”作为国务院职权,表明生态环保并非严格法律保留事项,但实践仍需要妥当处理立法权与行政权的职责分配。对宪法修改后形成的“环境宪法”的诸规范,必须在宪法与部门法“交互影响”的原理下作出体系融贯的解释。
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张翔
关键词环境宪法   部门法的宪法化   国家目标   环境权   法律保留     
Abstract: Through the amendment of the constitution in 2018, the normative system of our country's environmental constitution has been further enriched.Adding the“ecological civilization”to the constitution embodies the“constitutionality of department law”and also responds the value appeal of the environmental law.China's environmental constitution adopts the“national goal”rather than the“right of environment”, but it satisfies the functional expectation of“the right of environment”by giving different levels of obligation to state power.The existing national environmental protection clause system in constitution has been strengthened by principles of“new development concept”, “ecological civilization”, “harmony and beauty”and so on, which are added in the seventh paragraph of the preamble in constitution.The implementation of environmental protection should also be balanced and coordinated with other national goals in the preamble.Taking the“ecological civilization construction”as the State Council's power shows that ecological environmental protection is not strictly legal reservation matters, but practice still needs to properly handle the allocation of responsibilities between legislative power and administrative power.After the amendment of the constitution the various norms of the“environmental constitution”must be explained by the integration of the system under the principle of“interactive influence”between the constitution and the department law.
Key wordsEnvironmental Constitution   Constitutionality of Department Law   National Goal   Environmental Right   Legal Reservation   
引用本文:   
张翔. 环境宪法的新发展及其规范阐释[J]. 法学家, 2018, (3): 90-97.
ZHANG Xiang. The New Development of The Environmental Constitution and Its Normative Interpretation[J]. , 2018, 168(3): 90-97.
 
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