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法学家  2018, Issue (2): 73-87    DOI:
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比较法视野下的执行权配置模式研究
    ——以解决“执行难”问题为中心
陈杭平,法学博士,清华大学法学院副教授,清华大学“仲英青年学者”。
Civil Enforcement Models in Comparative Perspective:
Focus on Solving the Problem of“Civil Enforcement Difficulty”
Chen Hangping, Ph.D. in Law, Associate Prefessor of Tsinghua University School of Law.
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摘要 通过对欧洲五国的比较考察可以发现,执行权配置模式与执行制度的正常运作、“执行难”问题的消解之间存在重大关联。除瑞典外,执行“内外分权”是考察对象国家的主流模式或者改革的方向。当然,各国对专业执行人员的定位上有国家公务人员及市场化、社会化的职业人员之区别。为了兑现两到三年“基本解决执行难问题”的承诺,我国除了继续大力加强国家认证及法院执行信息化建设,还应以“终结本次执行程序”为节点实行按阶段内外分权模式。改革的方案是开放的,但道路也许通向市场。
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陈杭平
关键词执行权   配置模式   执行难   执行分权   执行案件   承办制     
Abstract: From the comparative study on five European countries' civil enforcement models, this paper finds that the model of allocation of civil enforcement power has various influences on the operation of civil enforcement system and the solution of the problem of“civil enforcement difficulty”. Except Sweden, the model of separation of power inside and outside court dominates the other four countries. Meanwhile, the enforcement officer of all the five countries is divided into two types: one is public officer and the other is professional officer who exercises his power of private law but also enjoys public authority status. According to the conclusion of this paper, the author proposes that Chinese court should take more measures to fulfill the political promise solving the problem of“civil enforcement difficulty”mainly in next two to three years. In addition to enhancing the infrastructure construction of state identification and civil enforcement informatization, China should also employ some kind of separation model of civil enforcement power. The specific design is not set yet. However, the author believes that all the roads are towards market.
Key wordsModel of Allocation of Civil Enforcement Power   “Civil Enforcement Difficulty”   Separation of Civil Enforcement Power   Civil Enforcement Case Undertaking System   
引用本文:   
陈杭平. 比较法视野下的执行权配置模式研究
    ——以解决“执行难”问题为中心[J]. 法学家, 2018, (2): 73-87.
CHEN Hang-Ping. Civil Enforcement Models in Comparative Perspective:
Focus on Solving the Problem of“Civil Enforcement Difficulty”[J]. , 2018, 167(2): 73-87.
 
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