In June, 2014, the 12th National People's Congress authorized the Supreme People's Court and the Supreme People's Procuratorate to implement the pilot project on fast-track sentencing in criminal procedure in 18 cities. The pilot project plays a critical role in formulating multiple criminal processes and enhancing the reform of criminal procedure centered on trial. The questionnaire collected from the pilot cities reveals that the fast-track sentencing process is greatly efficient and has been acknowledged by the overwhelming majority of participants in the process. Meanwhile, the questionnaire shows that there are weaknesses in ruling on the field of cases, the guilty plea hearing process, defense counsel, and sentencing negotiation. In the legislation on the fast-track sentencing process in the future, the lawmaker should consider to enlarge the field of the cases entered the process, constructing the checking proceedings in the voluntariness of guilty plea, and making guidelines of detail rules in evidence and so on.