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法学家  2018, Issue (1): 50-67    DOI:
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论反不正当竞争的基本范式
孔祥俊,法学博士,上海交通大学凯原法学院讲席教授。
On the Fundamental Paradigm of Anti-unfair Competition Law
Kong Xiangjun, Ph.D. in Law, KoGuan Chair Professor at Shanghai Jiao Tong University.
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摘要 反不正当竞争基本范式涉及不正当竞争的理念、价值、认定方式和标准,大体上可以归结为竞争观、损害观和法益观等“三观”,并通过对于竞争行为进行利益衡量加以实现。这种“3+1”判断模型,即“三观”加上竞争行为正当性的利益衡量方法,构成反不正当竞争的基本维度。其中,“三观”是观念支撑,利益衡量是实现路径,“3+1”模型构成了竞争行为正当性判断的独特范式。不正当竞争行为的认定应当奉行动态的竞争观、损害中性和法益中性,并采取行为正当主义而非法益保护主义,且对于竞争行为的正当性判断采取多因素利益衡量和利益比较。
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孔祥俊
关键词反不正当竞争   动态竞争观   法益中性损害   中性利益衡量     
Abstract: The fundamental paradigm of anti-unfair competition law concerns the philosophies, values, patterns and criteria of defining what constitutes anti-unfair competition, which can be summarized as so-called“three perspectives”, including competition perspective, impairment perspective, and right perspective. It can also be achieved by further weighing the interests concerning competitive behaviors. This“3+1”judgement pattern, namely“three perspectives”plus benefits measurement assessing the rationality of competitive behaviors, constitutes fundamental dimension of anti-competition law. Among“3+1”judgement pattern, “three perspectives”are philosophical footholds, and benefits measurement is the path to fulfillment, so“3+1”pattern constitutes the unique paradigm of assessing the rationality of competitive behaviors. The assessment of anti-unfair competition should adhere to dynamic competition perspective, neutrality of impairment and neutrality of rights. Further, the assessment also needs to concentrate on the rationality of behaviors rather than the protection of rights, and meanwhile, to do interests measurement by referring multi-factors to decide the rationality of competitive behaviors.
Key wordsAnti-unfair Competition   Dynamic Competition Perspective   Neutrality of Rights   Neutrality of Impairment Interests Measurement   
引用本文:   
孔祥俊. 论反不正当竞争的基本范式[J]. 法学家, 2018, (1): 50-67.
KONG Xiang-Jun. On the Fundamental Paradigm of Anti-unfair Competition Law[J]. , 2018, 166(1): 50-67.
 
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