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法学家  2018, Issue (1): 33-49    DOI:
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论基本权利竞合
柳建龙,法学博士,中国社会科学院大学副教授。
On Concurrence of Fundamental Rights
Liu Jianlong, Ph.D. in Law, Associate Professor of University of Chinese Academy of Social Sciences.
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摘要 由于生活事实的多样性、基本权利规范的性质和开放性,基本权利竞合问题屡见不鲜。基本权利竞合理论旨在解决应如何保障个人基本权利,并课予国家干预行为以论证负担,在基本权利释义学中占有重要地位。经考察,可以发现德国的理论和实务无意提出一套统一的解决方案,而是倾向于个案解决,尤其在自由权的三阶层审查框架中,其解决时间点和重心由基本权利保护范围阶段逐渐转向基本权利干预阻却违宪事由阶段,即从规范排除转向利益衡量。在缺乏基本权利审查实务的情形下,我国可以经由宪法释义学的发展、形成基本权利价值体系以及个案的实践调和为解决未来可能出现的基本权利竞合问题提供预案。
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柳建龙
关键词基本权利竞合   最大相关性理论   基本权利的强化   基本权利释义学     
Abstract: Due to the diversities of facts in our lives, the nature and openness of the fundamental rights, the questions of concurrence of fundamental rights often arise. The theory of concurrence of fundamental rights intends not only to guarantee individual's fundamental rights but also to oblige the state to justify its interferences in such rights. It plays an important role in the doctrines of fundamental rights. However, the scholars do not pay enough attentions to it until the theoretical focus began to change recently. After inquiring into the German theories and practices, one might find that the principle of German approach to resolve such problems is open to consideration case by case, moreover, in the three-steps review framework of liberal rights, the resolution of such problem has been pushed forward, it means that the approach to reduce the number of fundamental rights involved has been replaced with the approach of weighting. In China, a theory of concurrence of fundamental rights might be improved by the development of constitutional doctrines.
Key wordsConcurrence of Fundamental Rights   Most Relevant-doctrine   Strengthen of Fundamental Rights   Fundamental Rights Doctrine   
引用本文:   
柳建龙. 论基本权利竞合[J]. 法学家, 2018, (1): 33-49.
LIU Jian-Long. On Concurrence of Fundamental Rights[J]. , 2018, 166(1): 33-49.
 
相关文章:   
[1] 林来梵, 翟国强. 论基本权利的竞合[J]. 法学家, 2006, 1(5): 59-66.

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