法学家
  
   首页  |  期刊介绍  |  编 委 会  |  期刊订阅  |  投稿指南  |  广告服务  |  联系我们
法学家  2017, Issue (6): 72-86    DOI:
最新目录 | 下期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 Previous Articles  |  Next Articles  
“矜弱”的逻辑:清代儿童致毙人命案的法律谱系
景风华,法学博士,四川大学法学院助理研究员。
“Compassion for the Weak”:  Juvenile Offenders in the Qing Dynasty Legal System
Jing Fenghua, Ph.D. in Law, Research Assistant of Law in Sichuan University.
 全文: PDF (12154 KB)   HTML (1 KB)   输出: BibTeX | EndNote (RIS)      背景资料
摘要 清代对于儿童致毙人命案的处理,是将“请”“减”“赎”等特权与传统刑律的“六杀” 体系及死刑复核制度融合在一起而形成的法律运作系统,其原理是“恤幼矜弱” 的道德理念。随着法律实践的发展,乾隆年间形成定例,从加害人的客观年龄、加害人与被害人的年龄差距以及具体案件中的理曲欺凌情由等三个方面对“弱”进行界定,确保通过上请减流收赎的儿童确实是值得矜悯的弱者,从而实现了道德化的律文与实用性的条例之间的结合,平衡了加害人与被害人之间的权益。这种“实质理性”的法律思维及对实质正义的追求,在秋审规则和虚岁计龄法中同样有所体现。对比而言,西方的少年法律体系是基于“儿童是非理性人” 的假设而展开的形式逻辑演绎。随着社会的发展和不同文化观念的冲击,这种假设也面临着挑战,不得不以“保护未成年人”的实质性理念来补强,却又因忽视被害人的利益而陷入争议。
服务
把本文推荐给朋友
加入我的书架
加入引用管理器
E-mail Alert
RSS
作者相关文章
景风华
关键词儿童致毙人命案   恤幼矜弱   秋审   实质理性   少年法     
Abstract: When children committed homicides during the Qing dynasty, their cases were handled by the same justice system used for adult offenders. But from a very early time, Chinese law endorsed the notion that children and other vulnerable groups were worthy of the law's compassion. This article explores legal avenues to that compassion, from the law's efforts to clarify and define what marked a perpetrator as“weak”to the various legal provisions permitting such“weak”offenders to memorialize for mercy or request reduction and redemption of punishment. It finds that compassion for the weak was woven into both the letter of the law and the law in practice, resulting in a justice system that balanced the needs of victims and offenders alike.
Key wordsCases of Children that Committed Homicide   Compassion for the Children and the Weak   Autumn Assizes   Substantive Rationality   Juvenile Law   
引用本文:   
景风华. “矜弱”的逻辑:清代儿童致毙人命案的法律谱系[J]. 法学家, 2017, (6): 72-86.
JING Feng-Hua. “Compassion for the Weak”:  Juvenile Offenders in the Qing Dynasty Legal System[J]. , 2017, 1(6): 72-86.
 
相关文章:   
[1] 詹姆斯·B·杰克布斯, 时延安译. 美国少年司法状况报告[J]. 法学家, 2006, 1(6): 157-160.

版权所有 © 2011《法学家》编辑部 
本系统由北京玛格泰克科技发展有限公司设计开发 技术支持:support@magtech.com.cn