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法学家  2016, Issue (3): 157-174    DOI:
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《合同法》第79条(债权让与)评注
庄加园,法学博士,上海交通大学凯原法学院副教授。
Comments on Art.79  of  Contract Law of People'sRepublic of China(Assignment of Claims)
Zhuang Jiayuan, Ph.D. in Law, Associate Professor of Koguan Law School of Shanghai Jiao Tong University.
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摘要 债权作为重要财产,以自由让与为原则。债权让与的性质为处分行为,让与人须对让与债权享有处分权,且被让与债权应当满足特定化要求。由于债权脱胎于特定主体之间的关系,它仍有可能由于合同性质、法律规定而不得让与。前者多出于债权内容或基础关系的原因,后者则多以社会政策等公法因素为基础。当事人通过约定禁止债权让与,更是常见。禁止让与约定若仅在合同当事人之间发生债法上的约束力,债权的流通能力才能在最大限度上得以发挥。债权让与仅使被转让的债权移转于受让人,让与人仍享有基础关系的当事人地位。受让人获得与行使债权相关的权利,并承担相应的附随义务。
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庄加园
关键词债权让与   自由让与   特定化   禁止让与约定     
Abstract: Claims can be freely ceded, because it becomes an important asset.Assignment is a disposal transaction, so the assignor should be entitled to the claims.Furthermore, the assigned claims must meet the specific requirements.As the claims are derived from the relationship between the particular subjects, due to the nature of contract or regulation of law, claims still cannot be assigned.The reasons for non-transfer may arise from claims or underlying relationships, or social policies.The parties often agree to prohibit the assignment of claims.It is stated that the exclusion or limitation of the assignment of claims is a limitation of the content of the claim, which makes the claim lose its ability to transfer.The doctrines of relative effectiveness and distinction will also hinder the liquidity of the claims to a certain extent.If the Anti-Assignments clauses are only binding between the parties to the contract, the liquidity of the claims can be maximized.Although the assignment leads to the transfer of claims to the assignee, the assignor still holds the status of the contract party.The assignee obtains the rights associated with the exercise of the claim and assumes the corresponding obligations.
Key wordsAssignment   Free Assignment   Specification   Anti-Assignments Clauses   
引用本文:   
庄加园. 《合同法》第79条(债权让与)评注[J]. 法学家, 2016, (3): 157-174.
ZHUANG Jia-Yuan. Comments on Art.79  of  Contract Law of People'sRepublic of China(Assignment of Claims)[J]. , 2016, 1(3): 157-174.
 
相关文章:   
[1] 尹飞. 论债权让与中债权移转的依据[J]. 法学家, 2015, 1(4): 81-94.

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