法学家
  
   首页  |  期刊介绍  |  编 委 会  |  期刊订阅  |  投稿指南  |  广告服务  |  联系我们
法学家  2016, Issue (3): 87-98    DOI:
最新目录 | 下期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 Previous Articles  |  Next Articles  
律师职业化如何可能
    ——基于古希腊、古罗马历史文本的分析
黄美玲,法学博士,中南财经政法大学法学院副教授。
On the Possibility of the Professionalization of Lawyers:Analysis Based on the Historic Texts of Ancient Greek and Ancient Rome
Huang Meiling, Ph.D. in Law, Associate Professor of Law School of Zhongnan University of Economics and Law.
 全文: PDF (10051 KB)   HTML (1 KB)   输出: BibTeX | EndNote (RIS)      背景资料
摘要 在直接民主审判模式下的古希腊时期,由演说家担任的“演说写手”和“辩护帮助人”未能在法庭辩护的活动中形成一门固定有序的职业,律师职业被扼杀于摇篮之中。在罗马共和国时期和帝国初期,随着诉讼程序的不断发展,陆续产生了由演说家担任的诉讼代表、诉讼代理人和由法学家担任的法律顾问,帮助当事人进行诉讼,他们被统称为“诉讼保护人”。至罗马帝国中晚期,国家公权力对司法诉讼的干预日益强化,执法官的专业化使得法庭演说家迅速成长起来。他们学习专业的法律知识,并肩负起法学家的法律咨询功能,还组建了自己的职业团体,以提供公共服务为主要职能,律师由此正式成为一门职业。这是国家政权认可法治观念、司法诉讼制度不断发展以及法律制度日益完备的历史产物。
服务
把本文推荐给朋友
加入我的书架
加入引用管理器
E-mail Alert
RSS
作者相关文章
黄美玲
关键词律师   职业化   演说家   法庭辩护   诉讼程序     
Abstract: Ancient Greek period is characterized by the direct democracy trial pattern, where the orators, who worked as the the “λογóγραφοζ ” and “συνóγοροζ ”, failed to form a fixed and specialized profession in the court defense, and the lawyer profession was killed in the cradle.During the period of the Roman Republic and the early years of the Empire, the increasing development of the legal procedure, successively, produced cognitor, procurator and juris consulti, who assisted litigants during the litigation.They were collectively referred to as “patroni causarum”.During the middle and the late stage of the Roman Empire, the public power intervention on the judicial proceeding was increasingly strengthened, and the specialization of the magistrates determined the rapid growth of the forensic orators.They studied professional legal knowledge, and supported the jurist's legal advisory function, and they also set up their own professional groups with the main function of providing a public service.The lawyer officially became a profession.And this historical productis the consequence of the following three elements:the national state power recognition of the rule of law,  the development of the judicial litigation system,  and the unceasingly day by day growth of the legal system.
Key wordsLawyer   Professional Orator   Court Defense   Legal Process   Ancient Rome   
引用本文:   
黄美玲. 律师职业化如何可能
    ——基于古希腊、古罗马历史文本的分析[J]. 法学家, 2016, (3): 87-98.
HUANG Mei-Ling. On the Possibility of the Professionalization of Lawyers:Analysis Based on the Historic Texts of Ancient Greek and Ancient Rome[J]. , 2016, 1(3): 87-98.
 
相关文章:   
[1] 韩旭. 辩护律师核实证据问题研究[J]. 法学家, 2016, 1(2): 120-135.
[2] 王林清, 刘高. 民刑交叉中合同效力的认定及诉讼程序的构建
——以最高人民法院相关司法解释为视角
[J]. 法学家, 2015, 1(2): 75-91.
[3] 陈瑞华. 论被告人的自主性辩护权
——以“被告人会见权”为切入的分析
[J]. 法学家, 2013, 1(6): 140-152.
[4] 顾永忠. 我国刑事辩护制度的回顾与展望[J]. 法学家, 2012, 1(3): 110-118.
[5] 陈桂明, 赵蕾. 中国特别程序论纲[J]. 法学家, 2010, 1(6): 71-82.
[6] 王福华. 费用推动程序[J]. 法学家, 2010, 1(6): 83-98.
[7] [韩]崔润哲. 韩国的法学教育及律师资格考试改革[J]. 法学家, 2009, 1(6): 38-48.
[8] 高其才. 中国律师执业中的法律与关系因素——社会资本理论视角的分析[J]. 法学家, 2008, 1(6): 16-21.
[9] 庞朝骥. 罗马法对英国法影响的几个问题[J]. 法学家, 2007, 1(6): 135-140.
[10] 许尚豪. 交换的正义与分配的正义——纠纷解决途径的正当性基础解读[J]. 法学家, 2007, 1(5): 116-123.
[11] 夏锦文. 司法现代化进程中的法学教育[J]. 法学家, 2005, 1(6): 135-142.
[12] (韩)尹大奎著, 韩大元译. 资本主义社会、金钱与正义[J]. 法学家, 2003, 1(6): 154-160.

版权所有 © 2011《法学家》编辑部 
本系统由北京玛格泰克科技发展有限公司设计开发 技术支持:support@magtech.com.cn