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法学家  2016, Issue (3): 74-86    DOI:
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效果与反思:公安机关刑事执法质量考评机制实证研究
贺小军,法学博士,甘肃政法学院公安分院副教授,西北民族地区侦查理论与实务研究中心执行副主任。
Effect and Reflection:The Empirical Study on Effective Evaluating System of the Criminal Law Enforcement by the Public Security Agency
He Xiaojun, Ph.D. in Law, Associate Professor at the Public Security School of Gansu Political Science and Law Institute, Executive Deputy Director of the Research Center for Investigative Theory and Practice in Northwest Ethnic Minority Areas.
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摘要 实证研究表明,公安机关的刑事执法质量考评机制具有考评结果排名化,考评主体的内部性与广泛性,考评方式多元化,考评方法以定量为主、定性为辅,考评程序的行政化与有限性等特征。从效果层面分析,当下的考评机制在较大程度上能够发现刑事执法中存在的问题,且具有相当的经济性与可操作性,但存在的问题主要是“竞赛式”考评意图比较明显,整体上法治化程度不高。这套机制的形成主要与全面推进依法治国背景下严格执法与公正司法的政策性要求、数字化时代公安执法指标化、流程化管理的技术要求及公安执法应对公众诉求的策略要求有关。从长远发展的图景观之,考评机制应实现“竞赛式”考评向“法治化”考评转变,即考评主体的外部性、考评指标的“科学化”与考评问题的实体化。当然,由于考评机制的科层化,指标构建标准科学化程度不高,指标功能的有限性等问题,考评机制虽有助于提升但却不能成为检测公安机关刑事执法质量的唯一尺度,还需在考评之外结合其他机制共同完成。
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贺小军
关键词公安机关   刑事执法质量   考评机制   竞赛式考评   法治化考评     
Abstract: Empirical studies indicate that some basic features, such as:results ranking,the internality and the extensiveness of the subject, diversity of assessment methods, mainly quantitative study, qualitative as complementary and the administration and limitation of procedure, showed in effective evaluating system of the criminal Law enforcement by the public security agency.The analysis from the effect level shows that the system can largely reveal the the issue of universality in criminal enforcement, which has considerable economicability and operability.But the weakness is purposely“competition”evaluation, and lack of legalization in the overall degree.The formation of this system is under the background of comprehensively promoting the rule of law, with the requirement of strict enforcement of law and judicial justice; with the requirement of standardization and routing management in law enforcement in the digital age; with the requirement of the response to public demands in democracy and legislation age.In the long run, the system should transfer from“competition”to“legalization”, that is the externalities of the subject, the scientization of evaluation indicators, and the materialization of evaluating problem.Due to the low level of scientization of evaluation indicators and the limitation of indicators’ function, the system is not the sole criterion of evaluation, but it can be facilitated, which need combine with other methods to evaluate the effectiveness of the criminal law enforcement.
Key wordsPublic Security Agency   Effectiveness of Criminal Law Enforcement   Evaluation System   Competitive Mode   Legalization   
引用本文:   
贺小军. 效果与反思:公安机关刑事执法质量考评机制实证研究[J]. 法学家, 2016, (3): 74-86.
HE Xiao-Jun. Effect and Reflection:The Empirical Study on Effective Evaluating System of the Criminal Law Enforcement by the Public Security Agency[J]. , 2016, 1(3): 74-86.
 
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