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法学家  2016, Issue (3): 1-16    DOI:
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最高人民法院巡回法庭的制度功能
方乐,法学博士,南京师范大学法学院副教授,江苏高校区域法治发展协同创新中心、中国法治现代化研究院研究人员。
The Institutional Function of China's Supreme People's Circuit Court
Fang Le, Ph.D. in Law, Assistant Professor of Nanjing Normal University Law School, Research Fellow of Jiangsu Collaborative Innovation Center of Regional Legal Development and Institute for Chinese Legal Modernization Studies.
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摘要 作为司法改革的“排头兵”,最高人民法院巡回法庭的设置与实践,既能够通过最高审判权力的“下沉”带来社会矛盾纠纷的就地化解,也能够通过最高司法权的在地化运行来促使巡回区司法行为的规范化,还有助于确立通过司法机制分配地方利益以及这种分配方式的权威性。由此所带来的,不仅是地方司法权的行使被进一步高度统一到最高人民法院的司法行动逻辑上来,而且也确保了国家通过司法进行地方社会治理的可能性,从而有助于国家通过司法权威的塑造来助力国家权威的提升。当然,对于巡回法庭的进一步发展,以及由此可能带来的对司法世界与政治社会的影响,我们也要敏感并有所预判,要通过巡回法庭司法职能的合理设置以及司法成本的均衡分担,来确保巡回法庭良性运转的同时,促使其司法—法治功能与社会—政治功能的良好发挥,从而实现司法改革的整体目标。
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方乐
关键词最高人民法院巡回法庭   国家治理   司法权威   司法体制改革     
Abstract: As the judicial reform vanguard design and practice of the circuit court of the Supreme People's Court, the highest judicial power can“sink”to resolve social disputes, pass the highest judicial power in operation to promote the Tour District judicial for standardization, and help to establish authority through the distribution of local interests and the judicial mechanism of this allocation.This is not only caused by the exercise of local judicial power's further unification to the Supreme Court of the judicial action logic, but also ensures the possibility of national governance through local social justice.Therefore,the country will be improved through shaping the judicial authority to help enhance the authority of the state.Of course, for the further development of the circuit court, and the judicial world's political and social effect which may bring, we also have to be sensitive and predictable to the circuit court's judicial function and balance of judicial cost sharing, to ensure the healthy functioning of the circuit court at the same time, sound performance to its judicial rule of law and the social political function, so as to achieve the overall goal of judicial reform.
Key wordsThe Circuit Court of China's Supreme People's Court   National Governance   Judicial Authority   Judicial System Reform   
引用本文:   
方乐. 最高人民法院巡回法庭的制度功能[J]. 法学家, 2016, (3): 1-16.
FANG Le. The Institutional Function of China's Supreme People's Circuit Court[J]. , 2016, 1(3): 1-16.
 
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